Nineteenth-century American glassmakers experimented with new methods to create products for a growing consumer market. In the s, pressing glass into metal molds by machine was perfected, and by the mids, manufacturers were creating a variety of inexpensive pressed glass housewares. America’s middle-class consumers could now decorate their homes with attractive glass bowls, creamers, dishes, plates, vases, and even candlesticks. This mold-made, pressed glass box was intended to hold a middle class lady’s jewelry. It was made in the lacy glass technique, in which decoration covers the entire surface of the mold, and is raised against a background of small dots, to create a stippled appearance on the surface. The dots catch any ambient light, making the surface shimmer. Compotes are all-purpose serving dishes. These usually footed bowls — with or without lids or covers — held special desserts, fruits, candies or sauces, jellies and other foods. Blown or pressed glass compotes provided a culinary presentation method suitable to 19th-century middle-class households. Mechanically pressed glass was an innovation in glass history, making decorative, “patterned” glass available to a broad audience.
Antique Early American Pattern Glass
It was during the nineteenth century that mechanised glass-making processes reduced the cost and therefore the value of glass, making it a treasure which anyone could afford. The Americans developed machinery for pressing glass in the early 19th century,and English glass-makers were producing pressed glass by the ‘s. Pressed glass older than the ‘s is now rare.
Before gas and electricity were introduced, oil lamps with glass chimneys were widely used, and there was a huge demand for replacement glass chimneys.
It is not the purpose of the author in this volume to treat of the myriads of pressed glass dating from the centennial to the present day masquerading in shops as.
No-one likes general adverts, and ours hadn’t been updated for ages, so we’re having a clear-out and a change round to make the new ones useful to you. These new adverts bring in a small amount to help pay for the board and keep it free for you to use, so please do use them whenever you can, Let our links help you find great books on glass or a new piece for your collection. Thank you for supporting the Board. While appraising the collection I noticed significant variations in the tints of clear glass.
These are caused by variations in the mixtures of glass and would change over the years for cost or other reasons. With a lot of work it is possible that some guidance to dating can be given. Ideally information from the workers in the factories on the formulae used would be a start.
A guide to: Antique glass
Types, colors, molds, historical data, and information regarding the Sandwich Glass Company and its output gathered from specimens collected by the author covering ninety-odd thousand miles by motor. On sale by the author at Madison Ave. These men put their best efforts into designs of intricate beauty.
Bottles, decanters and jugs: Most antique glass bottles date between the 17th Pressed glass antiques: This is another brilliant area for new.
Despite the recent trend for retro designs, pressed glass remains one of the most undervalued types of glass out there. When compared to cut glass, which it is often imitating, pressed glass rarely brings in big bucks. Pressed glass is often found for very cheap and even antique pressed glass can go for just a few dollars. But, as with everything, there are a few examples that stand out from the rest. Here are 8 antique and vintage pressed glass styles that are actually worth a little money!
This lovely type of glass differs from milk glass in that it is often tinged with blue, though can come in other colors. The term originally referred to hand blown French and Italian glass, but is commonly used to describe 20th century pressed slag glass pieces as well. Derbyshire also produced vases and other decorative items of glass as well.
When Jumbo the elephant made his debut with Barnum and Bailey in the U. Candy dishes, goblets, cruet sets, and salt and pepper shakers are among the many pieces created for this event. Pressed glass pieces like scoops, candy dishes, straw holders, and large medicine containers speak to another era when the drugstore served as malt shop, candy store, and dispensary all in one.
manufacturers’ labels & marks (I to L)
Early American molded glass refers to functional and decorative objects, such as bottles and dishware , that were manufactured in the United States in the 19th century. The objects were produced by blowing molten glass into a mold, thereby causing the glass to assume the shape and pattern design of the mold. Common blown molded tableware items bearing designs include salt dishes, sugar bowls , creamers , celery stands, decanters, and drinking glasses.
However dating is less than precise and confronted with the scarcity of early blown articles collectors have been willing to be lenient. In fact, for pressed glass the.
While the pressing of glass into molds has been practiced for thousands of years, refinements of the processes led to new industries. In the United States early glassmaking facilities operated in colonial Jamestown, Boston, and Cambridge. Between and , American manufacturers revolutionized glassworking with the invention of steel molds and a fixed-lever press that would shape and pattern glass. Because of a fire that destroyed records of early patents, exact information as to who, when and where the first mechanized glass pressing operation is unknown.
The first pressed glass goblets were made in the s. They featured bold, geometric motifs inspired by more expensive cut-glass patterns and were pressed from lead glass. Pressed glass, made by this mechanical process, became extremely popular. Much of it exhibited a crudeness suggesting the many difficulties manufacturers encountered as they attempted to squeeze hot glass into predetermined shapes and patterns.
By the mids, a less expensive soda-lime glass had been developed and patterns became increasingly delicate and representational in character. The lead, or so called “flint,” glass pressed until that time was much heavier and more brilliant than soda-lime glass and generally it emitted a beautiful, bell-like tone when struck.
Old Glass Celery Vases
Unlike metals that tarnish and furniture that warps, antique glass is gloriously averse to ageing. Its fragility might leave it prone to breakages, but its unique qualities mean glass antiques can look exactly the same today as they did two centuries ago. Antique glass can be bought on a spectrum of budgets, from a couple of pounds to a few hundred. From Roman soda glass to 17th-century potash, the best way to date and value glassware is to examine its characteristics.
A British Art Deco uranium green pressed glass vase. Made by Bagley, pattern name “Grantham”. View Details · Bagley # Art Deco Uranium Green Glass ‘.
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Antique Glass Bowls
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“Bohemian Faceted-Spheroidal Mold-Pressed Glass Bead Attributes: Hypothesized. Terminus Post Quem Dates for the 19th Century.” BEADS.
For Victorians celery was rare and expensive, even wealthy families considered it a luxurious treat. Stalks of the vegetable were presented in pressed glass vases filled with water to keep the celery fresh. Our Victorian and Edwardian examples are equally lovely for flowers. The Chippendale celeries are trophy shaped with two handles – see Chippendale salts and jugs below to learn more. They produced wide ranges of pressed glass products and different manufacturers are often identifiable by their designs, factory or registration marks.
Sadly none of these manufacturers exist today but much of the old pressed glass we have on offer is their legacy. The original design was developed and manufactured in the USA under the ‘Krys-tol’ brand.